Harvard Style? Another method for your bibliography

Bibliography … this unknown! Let’s try to understand something more.

There are two criteria most used to cite sources in body text. The first is called Harvard Style or Harvard System and is used above all in publications of an economic, sociological and humanistic nature.

The second mode is the one defined in 1978 in a meeting in Vancouver and today the Vancouver Style is the reference standard for biomedical literature. Take a look here for more information.

Harvard Style

The author and the date of publication are quoted in the body of the text.

For example:

The tall trees grow preferably in environments with a temperate-humid climate (Rossi, 2017).

The name and date are contained in brackets, except in cases where the author’s surname is quoted directly in the text. The full quotation is listed at the end of the article in an bibliography arranged alphabetically. Only the author’s surname must be quoted in the text and must not be preceded by the article.

In the bibliography

The bibliography is written in alphabetical order based on the surname of the first author. In cases where the author is not specified, refer to the first word (eg the Civil Code will go after the author’s book Bianchi G.). More works by the same author are mentioned in chronological order of publication.

Example of reference to a book as a bibliographic reference in Harvard Style (with more than one author, up to a maximum of three authors):

BIANCHI G. & ROSSI A. (2017) – How to grow plants ?, Nursery publisher, Milan, 150 pp.

The author’s name is capitalized, followed by the year of publication in brackets and a dash (-), the title of the book is in italics. Follow the publishing house, place of publication and total number of pages.

When the authors are more than 3, it is abbreviated in this way:

ROSSI G. et al (2017) …

If you need other suggestions for your bibliography, you can also consult this guide